Breast cancer is a serious risk threatens women’s health throughout the world. It is the most common cancer in USA. According to Saudi Arabian National Cancer Registry, breast cancer is the most common cancer among women. There a lot of factors affecting breast cancer such as, age, gender, genetics, and relatives history. In the recent years, studies have shown an association between diet an breast cancer. Obesity has an important role in developing breast cancer. Also, diet plays role in fighting breast cancer and reducing the risk of it. High fat diet increases the risk of breast cancer. Foods containing omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids consumption decreases breast cancer risk. There is no strong association between breast cancer and carbohydrates. But consuming a lot of sugar and carbohydrates causes wight gain which can be followed by overweight or obesity.
Researchers have shown some reduction in the risk of breast cancer associated with highly intake of soy products. Soy is a healthful food source. It is rich in protein, vitamins, minerals, and healthy fat, but it is low in carbohydrates. It plays role in the treatment of many diseases. It is found in tofu, edamame, soy milk, soy nut, and tempeh (traditional soy product in Indonesia).
According to the fiber ability to lower hormone estrogen in women, it is also effective in lowering breast cancer risk. Wheat bran, a good source of fiber, has an effect in preventing breast cancer.
Vitamin D status is inversely associated with breast cancer risk. A study has shown that vitamin D has an effect on modulating breast cancer cell growth. Vitamin D is found in red meat, liver, egg yolk, and oily fish such as, salmon and sardine.
Studies have shown that women who consume high amounts of fruits and vegetables have lower risk of breast cancer than others. Dark, green, leafy vegetables, broccoli, kale, onions, peppers, and garlic can prevent breast cancer. Also, berries are effective in reducing the risk of breast cancer.
Maintaining body weight and following a healthy lifestyle are important in reducing the risk of breast cancer.
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